Dictionary

Recapitulation

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Sonata form as a dramatic pyramid featuring the three main sections: the exposition, the development, and the recapitulation.
Recapitulation Haydn's Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI: G1, I, mm. 58-80 About this sound Play [1].

In music theory, the recapitulation is one of the sections of a movement written in sonata form. The recapitulation occurs after the movement's development section, and typically presents once more the musical themes from the movement's exposition. This material is most often recapitulated in the tonic key of the movement, in such a way that it reaffirms that key as the movement's home key.

In some sonata form movements, the recapitulation presents a straightforward image of the movement's exposition. However, many sonata form movements, even early examples, depart from this simple procedure. Devices used by composers include incorporating a secondary development section, or varying the character of the original material, or rearranging its order, or adding new material, or omitting material altogether, or overlaying material that was kept separate in the exposition.

The composer of a sonata form movement may disguise the start of the recapitulation as an extension of the development section. Conversely, the composer may write a "false recapitulation", which gives the listener the idea that the recapitulation has begun, but proves on further listening to be an extension of the development section.

See also

References

  1. ^ Benward & Saker (2009). Music in Theory and Practice: Volume II, p.140-41. ISBN 978-0-07-310188-0.

Further reading



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Recapitulation". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.


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