|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart KV1 297, KV6 300a|
Symphony No. 31 in D major "Paris"Symphony in D major. 1778. Time: 21'00.
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The Symphony Number 31 in D major, better known as the Paris Symphony, is one of the more famous symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the Köchel catalogue it is K. 297 (with the original 2nd movement) and K. 300a (with the new 2nd movement).
Composition and premiere
The work was composed in 1778 during Mozart's unsuccessful job-hunting sojourn in Paris. The composer was then 22 years old. The premiere took place on 12 June 1778 in a private performance in the home of Count Karl Heinrich Joseph von Sickingen, the ambassador of the Palatinate. The public premiere took place six days later in a performance by the Concert Spirituel..
The work received a positive review in the June 26th issue of the Courrier de l'Europe, published in London:
The Concert Spirituel performed the work again on the 15th of August, this time with a new second movement, an Andante replacing the original Andantino in 6/8 (the latter, according to Deutsch, "had failed to please".)
The work evidently was popular. Deutsch lists several further performances by the Concert Spirituel during 1779, on 18 and 23 March, 23 May, and 3 June; and on 14 May 1780. The work was published in Paris by Sieber and announced for sale 20 February 1779. During the years 1782 to 1788, Sieber's catalog described it as "in the repertoire of the Concert Spiritual".
The first movement opens with a rising and accelerating D major scale in an effect known at the time as the Mannheim Rocket. The early version of the second movement still exists.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Symphony_No._31_(Mozart)". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
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