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Biography of

R. Murray Schafer

18 jul 1933 (Sarnia) -
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R. Murray Schafer

Background information
Birth name Raymond Murray Schafer
Born July 18, 1933 (1933-07-18) (age 77)
Canada Sarnia, Ontario, Canada
Genres Avant-garde, classical, opera, musical theater
Occupations Composer, librettist, pedagogue, writer, educator, environmentalist
Instruments Piano

Raymond Murray Schafer (born 18 July 1933) is a Canadian composer, writer, music educator and environmentalist perhaps best known for his World Soundscape Project, concern for acoustic ecology, and his book The Tuning of the World (1977). He was notably the first recipient of the Jules Léger Prize in 1978.[1][2]


Born in Sarnia, Ontario, he then studied at the Royal Schools of Music in London, the Royal Conservatory of Music, and the University of Toronto. At the latter institution he was a pupil of Richard Johnston.

His music education theories are followed around the world. He started soundscape studies at Simon Fraser University in the 1960s.

In addition to introducing the concept of soundscape he also coined the term schizophonia in 1969, the splitting of a sound from its source or the condition caused by this split: "We have split the sound from the maker of the sound. Sounds have been torn from their natural sockets and given an amplified and independent existence. Vocal sound, for instance, is no longer tied to a hole in the head but is free to issue from anywhere in the landscape."[3] Steven Feld, borrowing a term from Gregory Bateson, calls the recombination and recontextualization of sounds split from their sources schismogenesis.[4]

In 1987 he was awarded the first Glenn Gould Prize in recognition of his contributions. In 2005 he was awarded the Walter Carsen Prize, by the Canada Council for the Arts, one of the top honours for lifetime achievement by a Canadian artist.[5] In 2009, he received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement.[6]

Schafer is particularly famous for his situational opera The Princess of the Stars.

Selected works

Further Reading

See also


  1. ^ "World Soundscape Project". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  2. ^ Schafer, Raymond Murray (1977). The Tuning of the World. Random House Inc.. ISBN 0394409663. 
  3. ^ Mathieu, W.A. (1994). The Musical Life. Shambhala. p. 223. ISBN 0-87773-670-7. 
  4. ^ Feld, Steven; Keil, Charles (1994). Music Grooves: Essays and Dialogues. University Of Chicago Press. pp. 265–271. ISBN 0226429571. 
  5. ^ Canada Council for the Arts (2005-11-08). "Composer R. Murray Schafer wins Walter Carsen Prize for Excellence in the Performing Arts". Press release. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  6. ^ "Paul Gross, Robert Lepage, awarded performing arts Governor General's awards". Vancouver Sun (Canwest). March 2, 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2009. [dead link]

External links

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "R. Murray Schafer. Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
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