|Maurice Ravel |
Ma mère l'oyeBallet 1911. Time: 16'00.
After the piano work. Ma mère l'oye = Mother Goose.
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Ravel originally wrote Ma mère l'oye as a piano duet for the Godebski children, Mimi and Jean, ages 6 and 7. Ravel dedicated this work for four hands to the children (just as he had dedicated an earlier work, Sonatine to their parents). Jeanne Leleu and Geneviève Durony premiered the work.
Both piano versions bear the subtitle "cinq pièces enfantines" (five children's pieces). The five "pieces" were as follows:
On several of the scores, Ravel included quotes to indicate clearly what he was trying to invoke. For example, for the second "piece":
Sleeping Beauty and Little Tom Thumb were based on the tales of Charles Perrault, while Little Ugly Girl, Empress of the Pagodas was inspired by a tale (The Green Serpent) by Perrault's "rival" Madame d'Aulnoy. In this movement, Ravel takes advantage of the pentatonic scale. Beauty and the Beast is based upon the version of Jeanne-Marie Le Prince de Beaumont. The origin of The Fairy Garden is not entirely known. The "Mouvt de marche" of Little Ugly Girl uses quartal harmony:
In 1911, Ravel orchestrated the work. Then, in 1912, he expanded it into a ballet adding new movements ("Prélude" and "Danse du rouet et scène") and interludes:
The orchestrated work requires 2 flutes (one doubling on piccolo), 2 oboes (one doubling on English horn), 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, (one doubling on contrabassoon), 2 French Horns, Timpani, Bass Drum, cymbals, triangle, tamtam, Glockenspiel, Xylophone, Celesta, Strings, Harp. (no trumpets, trombones, or tuba)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ma_M%C3%A8re_l%27Oye". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
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